Timeline of Jerzy Grotowski’s life and creative work
1 January 1955
The supplement Od A do Z of the daily Dziennik Polski (no. 1 , 1–2 January, p. 2) publishes ‘Czerwony balonik’ (Red balloon), the first in a cycle of articles on the subject of Kraków’s Klub Młodych Twórców (Young Creatives’ Club).
17 January 1955
At Teatr Poezji (today’s Scena Kameralna of Stary Teatr) the premiere of a performance of Friedrich Schiller’s Intrigue and Love takes place, with Grotowski serving as assistant to director Władysław Krzemiński.
23 February 1955
Dziennik Polski publishes one of the young Grotowski’s first manifestoes, ‘Marzenie o teatrze’ (Dreaming of the theatre; Dziennik Polski, no. 46 , 23 February, p. 2–3).
27–28 February 1955
The Second All-Polish Congress of Academic Circles Activists at theatre schools is held, with Grotowski giving a paper titled ‘O indywidualną koncepcję teatru’ (On the individual concept of the theatre), which is a reworking of ‘Marzenie o teatrze’.
7–8 March 1955
The First National Conference of Young Actors and Directors; Jerzy Grotowski is a panellist.
26 May 1955
Premiere of the diploma piece, a version of Maxim Gorky’s The Philistines, prepared under the supervision of Józef Karbowski with Grotowski in the role of Peter.
Having written a theoretical work titled ‘O konkretności natchnienia’ (On the concreteness of inspiration), Grotowski receives a diploma from the acting department of the State Drama School (PWST) in Kraków.
23 August 1955
Grotowski begins studying at GITIS (State Institute for Theatre Arts) under the supervision of Yuri Zavadsky. As part of his studies, he prepares a fragment of the second act of Jerzy Szaniawski’s Dwa teatry (Two theatres), titling the piece ‘Matka’ (Mother).